Will men become extinct from the world: the gene that makes them male is ending, if this happens then only women will survive

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  • Human Y Chromosome Lacking; Will Men Become Extinct From World | All You Need To Know

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The sex of humans and other mammals depends on the Y chromosome. The sex of an individual is male only on its presence. But according to research published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, this chromosome is slowly disappearing in men. Scientists believe that if a new sex gene is not developed in its place, men will become extinct from the world.

Y chromosome determines the sex of the child
Talking about humans and mammals, there are two X chromosomes in the female. At the same time, there is also a small Y chromosome along with an X chromosome in the male. There are 900 genes in the X chromosome. They have nothing to do with determining gender.

There are 55 genes in the Y chromosome. This chromosome may be small in size, but its work is big and important. It contains an essential gene SRY, which develops the testes in the baby 12 weeks after conception. In the fetus, these testes release male hormones, due to which the child is born male.

Males have one X chromosome along with a small Y chromosome.

Males have one X chromosome along with a small Y chromosome.

missing Y chromosome
According to research, the Y chromosome is decreasing in male humans and mammals. This can be estimated from the Australian platypus. They have an equal number of genes present in the X and Y chromosomes. From this, scientists came to know that at one time the number of genes of X and Y chromosomes were equal in humans too. That means Y chromosome will also have 900 genes instead of 55.

From this, it can be estimated that since 166 million years, humans have lost 845 genes of the Y chromosome. This means we are losing 5 genes every 1 million years. If this continues, the Y chromosome will be completely destroyed in the next 11 million years.

In the next 11 million years, the Y chromosome may be completely extinct.

In the next 11 million years, the Y chromosome may be completely extinct.

Rats raised hope of survival
Experts believe that two species of rodents have lost the Y chromosome, but still they are not extinct. These are the mole voles of Eastern Europe and the spiny rats of Japan. Researchers have found only X chromosome in them. SRY gene is also not found in these.

Scientists found that the spiny rat has a sex gene called SOX9. Duplicate DNA was found near this gene in male mice. Through this, the SOX9 gene starts working like SRY. This DNA activity separates male and female mice from each other. In the future, it is possible that some other gene in humans may also develop the properties of SRY or a new sex gene may be formed.

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